Identify how we can make errors in judgments about others and how to reduce those incorrect judgments using psychological tools.
- Define the fundamental attribution error—and discuss whether it is really “fundamental.”
- Identify the reasons we are slow to revise our first impressions in the light of new evidence.
- Explain the variables that contribute to attraction.
Estimate which situations can have the greatest impact on behavioral change.
- Differentiate between informational and normative influence.
- List the conditions for persuasive communication.
- Explain why a change in behavior can elicit a change in attitude.
- Identify when groups arouse us, relax us, and sometimes make bad decisions.
Contrast variables that increase helping and aggressive behavior.
- Determine the types of aversive events that predispose people to behave aggressively.
- Contrast aggression with altruism.
- List situational factors that influence helping behavior.
Appraise the contribution of culture to our perceptions of the world and others.
- Evaluate how cultures influence the way people see themselves in relation to others.
- Define individualism and collectivism, and discuss how cultures differ on this dimension.
- Explain the role of the environment in our self-conceptions.
Recognize the variables that contribute to prejudice, and assess the brain’s role in stereotype development.
- Explain how discrimination is a by-product of our thinking.
- Discuss whether we can control stereotyping.
- Identify the motives that fuel prejudice.
- Create an intervention for treating implicit racial bias.