Describe genes and the role they play in behavior.
- Discuss the areas included in the study of developmental psychology and genetics.
- Explain what genes are and how they work.
- Summarize how genes are passed from parent to offspring.
Identify the three stages of prenatal development and describe the complexities of fertility.
- Summarize the three stages of prenatal development.
- Identify the stage of prenatal development in which sexual differentiation occurs, and explain what it determines.
- Define fertility and elaborate on how it changes over the life span.
Describe the abilities that a newborn infant can demonstrate and the adaptive significance of their preferences.
- Outline how newborn infants can “communicate” what they know to researchers.
- Define reflexes and explain how they are adaptive for the newborn.
- Identify the kinds of sights and sounds that most attract the newborn.
Describe biological, cognitive, and social development during childhood.
- Outline how the brain and body develop in the first few years of life.
- Describe the developmental changes that take place in the way children think, reason, and speak.
- Distinguish among the four stages of development that Jean Piaget identified.
Explain the importance and challenges of making the transition to adolescence.
- Explain why the timing of puberty is important in the transition to adolescence.
- Define moral reasoning, and outline how the levels of moral thought differ according to Kohlberg.
- Analyze why adolescence has been described as a period of “storm and stress” and summarize the evidence that supports this description.
- Discuss why adolescents tend to engage in risky behaviors, compared to adults.
Describe the physical and cognitive changes that are evident in adulthood and old age.
- Distinguish between the human life span and life expectancy.
- Summarize the physical changes that mark adult development.
- Discuss how capabilities related to memory and intelligence change with age.