SAGE Journal Articles

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Article 1Commins, N. L., & Miramontes, O. B. (2006). Addressing linguistic diversity from the outset. Journal of Teacher Education, 57(3), 240-246. DOI: 10.1177/0022487105285591

Learning Objective: LO 9-1 Language Proficiency and Student Achievement

Summary: The authors document the needs that teacher education programs have to first teach about the diversity of language, culture, and class to adequately prepare teacher candidates. Ten recommendations are presented for “What Every Teacher Should Do” to work effectively with linguistically and culturally diverse students.

Questions to Consider:

  1. Explain how you can utilize students' first language as an asset within the classroom.
  2. What are some of the pitfalls to avoid as a teacher of linguistically diverse students?


Article 2Lucas, T., Villegas, A. M., & Freedson-Gonzalez, M. (2008). Linguistically responsive teacher education: Preparing classroom teachers to teach English language learners. Journal of Teacher Education, 59(4), 361-373. DOI: 10.1177/0022487108322110

Learning Objective: LO 9-3 Teaching English Language Learners from a Multicultural Perspective

Summary: The authors identify a set of principles to serve as the linguistic foundation for the teaching of English language learners in mainstream classes for teacher preparation.

Questions to Consider:

  1. Choose a content area and explain what you may need to attend to regarding linguistic form and function for that discipline.
  2. Explain how an insight gained from a previous reading on culturally responsive teaching has been enhanced by insights provided in this article.