Learning Objectives

1. Identify the influence of English roots of policing on U.S. policing

2. Describe the influence of technology on the evolution of early U.S. policing

3. Summarize the issues facing policing during the Political Era

4. Explain the effect on policing of the changes implemented during the Reform Era

5. Describe the relationship between the social upheaval of the 1960s and 1970s and the increased emphasis on research on police effectiveness

6. Identify aspects of the community policing model and problem-oriented policing

7. Evaluate at least three contemporary policing strategies in terms of their effectiveness

8. Describe the challenges facing contemporary police departments