Learning Objectives

After reading and studying this chapter, you should be able to

➤ Identify the rationales for criminal punishment

➤ Know the rights protected by the Eighth Amendment

➤ List three types of punishment for a criminal conviction

➤ Define invisible punishment

➤ Know the rationales for determinate sentencing and indeterminate sentencing

➤ Describe purpose of victim impact statements

➤ State the goals of mandatory minimum sentences and the federal sentencing guidelines

➤ Describe the federal crack cocaine law

➤ Provide three facts about capital punishment

➤ Define capital punishment