SAGE Journal Articles
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Article 1: Klitzman, R. (2013). How good does the science have to be in proposals submitted to Institutional Review Boards? An interview study of Institutional Review Board personnel. Clinical Trials, 10, 761–766.
Description: The author conducted interviews with Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) around the country to assess how IRBs make decisions and the conflicts they feel in altering scientific proposals. It discusses IRB concerns about maximizing benefits of a study, good enough versus perfect studies, and concerns about altering studies approved by other agencies.
Description: The author describes a classroom demonstration to help students understand what a quasi-experimental study is. By using the difference between students who attend and those who do not, the author illustrates how this self-selecting sample can undermine causality and create questions for any research findings.