Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Explain how Pavlov attempted to use the artificial conditioned reflex to study higher nervous activity.
  • Contrast Bekhterev’s associated motor reflex with Pavlov’s artificial conditioned reflex.
  • Compare Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development with that of Piaget.
  • Assess Luria’s contributions to neuropsychology.