Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Outline the major philosophical trends of the Classical Period, particularly the ideas of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
  • Evaluate the psychological contributions of the Islamic philosophers Al-Kindi, Avicenna, and Averroes.
  • Contrast the various positions taken by the Continental Rationalists on the mind-body problem.
  • Survey the development of thinking on the nature of the mind by the British Empiricists.