SAGE Journal Articles

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Article 1: McLean, M., Cresswell, J., & Ashley, C. (2016). Psychologists finding religious belief: Building bridges between developmental cognitive science and cultural psychology. Culture & Psychology, 22(1), 44–64. doi:10.1177/1354067X15621482


Learning Objective: 4 & 6

Summary: Abstract: Cognitive science of religion holds that religious belief emerges via universal pre-given cognitive mechanisms. This position is at odds with cultural psychology, which treats culture and cognition as inseparable, pointing out that phenomena like religious cognition cannot be understood without consideration of the culturally constituted realities people live. We seek to enhance cognitive science of religion with cultural psychology and articulate why change is needed in the former. We predicate our work on Bakhtin’s articulation of the constitutive role of language in religious cognition. A Dynamic Systems approach to cognition enables a cognitive approach that can permit the changes in cognitive science of religion promoted by cultural psychology. This approach leads to a view of cognition that accounts for the phenomena of religious cognition by including language practices of a community.

Questions to Consider:

1. Summarize how a Dynamic Systems approach to cognition provides a better understanding of the development of religious belief and how this helps us understand cultural aspects of the self. Cognitive Domain: Analysis

2. A Dynamic Systems approach to cognition accounts for the phenomena of religious cognition by including ______ practices of a community. Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

  1. cultural
  2. language
  3. normalized
  4. diverse

​3. Explain and define what is meant by “The world and religious beliefs entwined with it have deeply compelling force by virtue of the deeply embodied quality of language, making religious beliefs socially constituted phenomena that are personally experienced.” Cognitive Domain: Analysis

Article 2: Mestre, V., Tortosa, F., Samper, P., & Nácher, M. J. (2003). Three decades of psychological research in the journal Cognitive Psychology (1979–1999). Psychological Reports, 93(3), 972–982. doi:10.2466/pr0.2003.93.3.972


Learning Objective: 1, 2, & 3

Summary: Abstract: We examined the journal Cognitive Psychology, as representative of the evolution of cognitive psychology during the last three decades (1979–1999). Analysis of changes in the impact factor defined according to the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) is an indication of the ranking of this journal both in the general classification of archival research journals as well as in relation to other periodicals in the area of cognitive psychology. This single quantitative measure of articles published in Cognitive Psychology indicates a change in the topics of interest. An analysis of the research topics and identification of the most productive authors identifies important indicators of the psychological topics of primary interest during this time.

Questions to Consider:

1. Explain how the expansion of the journal Cognitive Psychology demonstrates the increased scientific merit for the field of cognitive psychology. Cognitive Domain:

2. What do the authors posit as a reason for the rapid growth of cognitive psychology? Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

  1. The large increase in research funding.
  2. The large increase in government policy passed.
  3. The large increase in use of computers.
  4. The large increase in psychology graduates.

3.Within cognitive psychology, there has been a greater interest in studying cognitive processes from a developmental perspective. Cognitive Domain: Knowledge



Article 3: Potter, J. (2000). Post-cognitive psychology. Theory & Psychology, 10(1), 31–37. doi:10.1177/0959354300010001596


Learning Objective: 1 & 2

Summary: This paper speculates about what will, and should, follow cognitivism in psychology in the new century. It highlights the importance of the work of Wittgenstein, Sacks and Edwards for the development of post-cognitive psychology. Cognitivism is criticized for failing to conceptualize practices in a way that recognizes their action orientation and co-construction, and to appreciate how they are given sense through people's categories, formulations and orientations. Discursive psychology focuses on the production of versions of reality and cognition as parts of practices in natural settings. It is offered as one potential successor to cognitivism.

Questions to Consider

1. According to the author, the disconcerting aspect of the term cognitivism is that it suggests ______. Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

  1. boundaries
  2. pseudoscience
  3. impracticality
  4. invalidity

2. Define and explain the term discursive psychology. Cognitive Domain: Analysis

3. The author posits that a new century of psychology should study what people ______. Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

  1. think
  2. feel
  3. believe
  4. do