SAGE Journal Articles

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Article 1: Leffert, M. (2007). A contemporary integration of modern and postmodern trends in psychoanalysis. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 55(1), 177–197. doi:10.1177/00030651070550011001


Learning Objective: 1, 2, & 3

Summary: Abstract: Postmodernism has appeared on the psychoanalytic horizon and with it brought change and some confusion. Although many link or even conflate it with relational and intersubjectivity theory, those views are as subject to a postmodernist critique as other analytic orientations. Postmodernism can also be seen as usefully informing the concepts of psychoanalytic narrative and psychoanalytic space. It should not be viewed as an organized theory or movement that would entirely replace modernist ideas in psychoanalysis. Indeed, valid critiques of both modern and postmodern psychoanalytic positions have been advanced. In this climate the need for a viable integration remains urgent. Bruno Latour's development of the concept of hybrid structure as a way of dealing with the same kind of impasse in the field of science studies is presented, along with its applicability to the dilemma faced by psychoanalysis.

Questions to Consider:

1. ______ are composed of memories organized in a particular way. Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

  1. Theories
  2. Dreams
  3. Repressions
  4. Narratives

2. The modernist view of ______, upon which classical psychoanalysis was founded, is that it is veridically knowable and recordable. Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

  1. theory
  2. memory
  3. history
  4. philosophy

3. “Relational analysts prioritize the interpersonal relationship between patient and analyst as both analytic tool and curative factor.” Explain what the author means by this. Cognitive Domain: Analysis

Article 2: Fotaki, M., Long, S., & Schwartz, H. S. (2012). What can psychoanalysis offer organization studies today? Taking stock of current developments and thinking about future directions. Organization Studies, 33(9), 1105–1120. doi:10.1177/0170840612448152


Learning Objective: 4, 5, & 6

Summary: Abstract: The introductory paper to the Special Issue discusses psychoanalytic contributions to the study of contemporary organizations. The aim is to draw attention to psychoanalysis as a critical theory with wide explanatory power and a potential for thinking about organizational practice in new ways. It does so firstly, by reviewing the impact it had so far on illuminating group dynamics, leadership dysfunctions and the sanctioned socially institutional defences. Secondly, it contests the limited impact of psychoanalysis on mainstream organization and management theory as an unfortunate outcome since it represents arguably the most advanced and compelling conception of human subjectivity that any theoretical approach has to offer. By way of example, seven papers comprising this Special Issue are introduced. Lastly the paper outlines future developments in the psychoanalytic studies of organizations that might be about: (i) greater conceptual inclusivity and crossing the boundaries between the humanities and science; (ii) the study of affect and emotion in organizations (iii) an integration of psychoanalytical insights with social theory via psychosocial approaches and ‘systems psychoanalysis’ and (iv) linking psychoanalysis to discourses of power and the politics of life.

Questions to Consider:

1. Summarize and explain the variety of new developments in psychoanalytic studies of organizations, and apply one of these developments to an organization with which you are familiar. Cognitive Domain: Application.

2. “Psychoanalytic study of organizations must be about investigating and theorizing on issues that are of concern to people’s work and life, taking account of their situatedness in society.” Explain what this means and why it is necessary according to the article. Cognitive Domain: Analysis

3. Developing new approaches in social research is called ______. Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

  1. systems psychoanalysis
  2. methodological psychoanalysis
  3. systems psychodynamics
  4. psychodynamic systems

Article 3: Spiwak, A. (2009). The role of dream work in contemporary psychoanalytic practice. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 57(5), 1217–1223. doi:10.1177/0003065109346835


Learning Objective: 4, 5, & 6

Summary: Abstract: Gabbard outlined Freud’s technical procedures, still used by analysts today to understand dreams. He further reflected that dreams are no longer regarded as being the only “royal road” to the understanding of the unconscious. Developments in the past three decades lead us to add other sources of information about the patient’s unconscious—fantasy, transference, counter-transference, enactments, and the nonverbal characterological dimensions of the patient’s style of interacting.

Questions to Consider:

1. One’s approach to dreams is based on one’s preferred ______. Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

  1. therapeutic stance
  2. theoretical model
  3. theoretical integration
  4. therapeutic perspective

2. Quinodoz argues that the reintegration of previously expelled fragments of the patient’s self causes anxiety but also gives the dreamer a sense of inner cohesion. Cognitive Domain:



3. Discuss how a more contemporary model of psychoanalytic theory applies the understanding of personality. Cognitive Domain: