Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Identify the main principles and historical contexts of the behavioral learning tradition
  • Explain why early comparative psychologists linked animal and human behavior
  • Discuss the principles of reflexology and conditioned reflexes
  • Identify Watson's three founding principles of behaviorism
  • Discuss Holt's and Tolman's findings on molar responses and purposive or operational behaviorism
  • Discuss Skinner's principles of operant conditioning
  • Discuss Rotter's and Bandura's social learning theories
  • Identify ways to apply the principles of the behavioral learning tradition to individual experience and behavior