SAGE Journal Articles

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Article 1: Furnham, A., Bates, S., Ladha, R., Lee, Z. Y., Lousley, C., & Sigl-Gloecker, J. (2014). The recognition of the personality disorders among young people. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 60(7), 681–686. doi:10.1177/0020764013511958


Learning Objective: 1, 2, & 4

Summary: Abstract: Results showed, as predicted, that those with a background in psychology were more accurate at labelling disorders. In addition, laypeople’s mental health literacy was good for identifying the presence of personality disorders, but was considerably poorer when naming them.

Questions to Consider:

1. The term mental health literacy refers to the ______. Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

  1. mental health patient literacy rate
  2. public understanding of psychiatry
  3. poor reading ability of intellectually disabled
  4. public percentage of personality disorders

2. Participants who had studied psychology at any time in their lives had equal rates of correct identification as those who had not studied psychology. Cognitive Domain: Knowledge



3. In this study, it was hypothesized that there would be significantly different adjustment scores between the three clusters. Explain why. Cognitive Domain: Analysis

Article 2: Watson, D., & Naragon-Gainey, K. (2014). Personality, emotions, and the emotional disorders. Clinical Psychological Science, 2(4), 422–442. doi:10.1177/2167702614536162


Learning Objective: 1, 2, 3, & 4

Summary: Abstract: We examined symptom-level relations between the emotional disorders and general traits within the five-factor model of personality. Neuroticism correlated strongly with the symptoms of general distress/negative affectivity (depressed mood, anxious mood, worry) that are central to these disorders; more moderately with symptoms of social phobia, affective lability, panic, posttraumatic stress disorder, lassitude, checking, and obsessive intrusions; and more modestly with agoraphobia, specific phobia, and other symptoms of depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Extraversion was negatively correlated with symptoms of social anxiety/social phobia and was positively related to scales that assess expansive positive mood and increased social engagement in bipolar disorder. Conscientiousness, agreeableness, and openness showed weaker associations and generally added little to the prediction of these symptoms. It is noteworthy, moreover, that our key findings replicated well across (a) self-rated versus (b) interview-based symptom measures. We conclude by discussing the diagnostic and assessment implications of these data.

Questions to Consider:

1. Identify and discuss at least one diagnostic implication provided by the authors regarding their findings. Cognitive Domain: Analysis

2. Personality and ______ represented largely disconnected areas of research for several decades. Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

  1. behavior clusters
  2. mental health
  3. psychopathology
  4. diagnostic criteria

3. ______ is the strongest and broadest predictor of negative emotional experience. Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

  1. Borderline disorder
  2. Neuroticism
  3. Narcissism
  4. Antisocialism

Article 3: Palermo, G. B. (2014). Severe antisocial personality disordered and psychopathic offenders: Should they be allowed to enter an insanity plea? International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 58(12), 1412–1414. doi:10.1177/0306624X14555962


Learning Objective: 1, 2, & 6

Summary: Abstract: In this issue of the International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology (IJOTCC), DeLisi and colleagues, discussing psychopathy and using the Psychopathic Personality Inventory–Short Form (PPIS), report that its eight subscales point out behaviors typical of psychopaths. Among their findings, blame externalization seems to be the strongest predictor of psychopathic antisocial behaviors and career delinquency. The readers will certainly appreciate the knowledge that the authors are passing on.

Questions to Consider:

1. Explain why the author posits, “From a legal point of view, when charged with a serious crime, it is my belief that the psychopath and the ASPD offender should be allowed to enter a plea of insanity.” Also explain why you agree or disagree. Cognitive Domain: Analysis

2. Which of the following is NOT found among successful psychopaths? Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

  1. narcissistic
  2. unemotional
  3. impulsive, and compulsive in their behaviors
  4. neurotic

3. Most frequently, as with ASPD offenders, psychopaths are egocentric and would never project blame for their criminal acts on to others. Cognitive Domain: Comprehension