SAGE Journal Articles

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SAGE Journal User Guide

Article 1: Ward, G., & Kupchik, A. (2010). What drives juvenile probation officers? Relating organizational contexts, status characteristics, and personal convictions to treatment and punishment orientations. Crime & Delinquency, 56, pp. 35–69. doi: 10.1177/0011128707307960

Questions to Consider:

  1. What variable was the most important predictor of punitive case-processing orientations?
  2. Results of the study indicated that punishment and treatment were what kind of goals of juvenile court probation officers?
  3. The authors examine the influence of three theoretical frameworks on probation officers’ orientations. What are these three frameworks?

Learning Objective: 13-6: Explain the various roles of juvenile probation officers