Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to do the following:

  • Analyze the factors that contributed to the development of U.S. elections.
  • Describe each phase of the presidential campaign and the strategies that determine candidates’ success.
  • Examine the congressional election process and understand what makes it so difficult to unseat incumbent members.
  • Describe the different types of electoral systems and their impact, including that of the Electoral College.
  • Analyze how the U.S. electoral system affects the representation of women and minorities in government.
  • Understand why it is difficult to regulate campaign expenditures.