After reading this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Explain judicial review, how it developed in the United States, how it is used to enforce the rule of law, and why judicial independence is vital.
- Describe the structure of the U.S. court system and identify the advantages and disadvantages of this type of system.
- Examine how a case reaches and gets decided by the Supreme Court.
- Understand the impact of judicial philosophy on how Supreme Court justices decide cases and craft legal opinions.
- Identify the range of limits placed on the Supreme Court to prevent it from overreaching or abusing its power.
- Compare and contrast the criteria used to select judges at the state and federal levels.