Learning Objectives

After reading Chapter 12, you should be able to:

12.1 Define hearing impairment, deaf, and hard of hearing.

12.2 Contrast conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.

12.3 Explain the various assessment procedures used to measure hearing loss.

12.4 Describe the difference between prelingual and postlingual hearing impairments.

12.5 Summarize the historical evolution of educational services for children and youth with hearing impairments.

12.6 List possible causes of hearing loss.

12.7 Identify representative academic, social, and language characteristics of individuals with hearing impairments.

12.8 Compare among oral, manual, and total communication approaches for instructing students with hearing impairments.

12.9 Explain how technology benefits individuals with hearing impairments.

12.10 Summarize educational services for persons with hearing impairments across the life span.

12.11 Describe the concept of the Deaf culture.