Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter you will be able to:

4.1 Define basic legal terms such as probable cause, arrest, arrest warrant, search, and search warrant.
4.2 Explain the rules of evidence and discuss the qualities that evidence must have to be admissible in court.
4.3 Discuss the implications of the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, including the exceptions to the search warrant requirement.
4.4 Define the exclusionary rule and explain its impact on criminal investigations and the criminal justice process.
4.5 Discuss the implications of the Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the Constitution, in particular the purpose and consequences of the Miranda warnings.