Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter you will be able to:

3.1 Define the basic distinctions of criminal evidence, including the distinctions between judicial evidence and extrajudicial evidence and those between exculpatory evidence and inculpatory evidence.
3.2 Explain the various types of evidence, including direct, circumstantial, testimonial, real, documentary, and demonstrative.
3.3 Identify the functions of evidence and give examples of corpus delicti evidence, corroborative evidence, cumulative evidence, associative evidence, identification evidence, and behavioral evidence.
3.4 Explain the value and importance of reports in criminal investigations and identify the rules for writing good reports.