Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter you will be able to:

16.1 Describe the court process as an adversarial process and explain the roles of defense attorneys, prosecuting attorneys, judges, and the police in the process.
16.2 Identify and explain the nine reasons for errors in judicial outcomes.
16.3 Define the role of lay and expert witnesses in court and discuss the controversies associated with using experts in court.
16.4 Discuss the purpose of the cross-examination, evaluate the tactics commonly used by defense attorneys when cross-examining investigator witnesses, and discuss the guidelines investigators should follow when providing testimony in court.