Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to…

6.1 Describe the key features of ASD and explain how the disorder exists along a “spectrum.”

Show how the prevalence of ASD varies as a function of children’s gender, socioeconomic status, and ethnicity.

6.2 Identify the genetic, epigenetic, and brain abnormalities associated with ASD in young children.

List and describe early deficits in social cognition typically shown by infants and toddlers who are later diagnosed with ASD.

6.3 Describe several evidenced-based treatments for ASD and differentiate these treatments from interventions that lack empirical support.

Provide examples of evidence-based techniques to improve the communication skills of children with ASD.