Learning Objectives

  1. Explain how thinking or reasoning about moral issues becomes more sophisticated over time and identify any gender differences in moral reasoning.
  2. Describe the importance of perspective taking and empathy to prosocial behavior and identify any gender differences that exist in prosocial behaviors.
  3. Describe the cognitive deficits that may explain why some individuals are more likely than other individuals to use aggression.
  4. Explain how families, peers, and schools contribute to the moral development of children and adolescents.