Learning Objectives

  1. Explain why it is not necessary to individualize instruction for every student and identify the situations in which teachers need to differentiate instruction.
  2. Describe the goals of mastery learning and direct instruction; discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each approach.
  3. Explain how discovery learning and expository teaching foster meaningful learning.
  4. Describe the techniques based on cognitive apprenticeships that are used in constructivist teaching.