SAGE Research Methods Video

SAGE Research Methods videos feature a variety of academics and researchers, including author John Creswell, delving deeper into research topics, concepts, and case studies. Watch the videos and check your understanding by answering the questions below. (Answers available on separate tab.)

Click on the following links. Please note these will open in a new window.

The Research Question

Professor John Creswell discusses research questions, their purpose and scope, how to frame them, and how to get the most out of them.

Steps in Planning and Conducting Research: Generate a Hypothesis

Dr. Evelyn Behar and Dr. Nicole Cain discuss what a hypothesis is and provide an example of creating a hypothesis.


1. Which of the following is the best example of a qualitative research question?

  1. What factors predict higher leadership skills?
  2. What aspects of the leadership retreat were high quality?
  3. Does the leadership retreat improve leadership skills?
  4. What meaning do individuals make from a leadership retreat?

2. Which of the following elements best helps to ensure that a qualitative research question is addressable?

  1. clarifying variables
  2. adding mediation
  3. specifying the setting
  4. making it open-ended

3. Which of the following is an example of a hypothesis from an experiment?

  1. Students receiving the behavior modification intervention will have fewer disruptive behaviors.
  2. Students exhibiting disruptive behavior are more likely to experience depression.
  3. Students exhibiting disruptive behavior will describe the meaning of their experiences.
  4. Classrooms with more disruptive students typically have newer teachers.