Quizzes are available to test your understanding of the key concepts covered in each chapter. Click on the arrows next to each question to view the answer.
1. The Apgar Scoring System is used by medical staff to assess the well being of the newborn using which of the following five key signs?
- Muscle tone, skin colour, reflexes, heart rate and crying
- Respiratory rate, heart rate, reflexes, muscle tone and skin tone
- Crying, skin colour, heart rate, reflexes and respiratory rate
- Heart rate, reflex action, able to open eyes, skin tone and muscle tone
b. Respiratory rate, heart rate, reflexes, muscle tone and skin tone
2. The proximodistal trend refers to:
- The steady increase in a child’s weight from birth
- The steady increase in a child’s height from birth
- Physical growth proceeding in the head-to-toe direction
Physical growth proceeding outwards from the centre of the body
d. Physical growth proceeding outwards from the centre of the body
3. At what age would you expect to see a child’s weight to have quadrupled from that at birth?
- One year
- Eighteen months
- Two years
- Three years
c. Two years
4. Psychosocial dwarfism is said to be product of:
- Extreme emotional deprivation
- Poor nutrition
- Genetic influence
- Eating disorder
a. Extreme emotional deprivation
5. The development of a pincer grasp is an indication of which of the following?
- The development of the infant’s dynamic system
- Fine motor development acquisition
- A combination of complex skills
- Gross motor development acquisition
b. Fine motor development acquisition
6. Primary sexual characteristics relate to which of the following?
- The growth of pubic hair
- Development of the reproductive organs
- Growth of facial hair in males
- Development of breasts in females
b. Development of the reproductive organs
7. Psychosocial factors are said to play an important role in the way in which girls react to maturation. Which of the following is NOT representative of these factors?
- Parental warmth
- Parental approval
- Extended family influence
- Level of family conflict
c. Extended family influence
8. A gamete is considered a special cell for which of the following reasons?
- They are the dominant cell responsible for individual characteristics
- They each carry 46 chromosomes
- They each carry 23 chromosomes
- They are the recessive cell responsible for individual characteristics
c. They each carry 23 chromosomes
9. Which of the following combinations of alleles would be considered heterozygous, where there are two dominant genes:
- A and a
- Aa and aA
d. Aa and aA
10. An ‘evocative’ relationship is a term used to describe which of the following?
- When children seek out environments that are compatible with their genetic make up
- When some trait in a child causes others to react in a certain way which has the effect of strengthening the trait
- Where the child’s environment is dictated by the parents
- Where an individual’s genetic predisposition leads to the arrangement of the environment to suit that individual
b. When some trait in a child causes others to react in a certain way which has the effect of strengthening the trait