Quizzes are available to test your understanding of the key concepts covered in each chapter. Click on the arrows next to each question to view the answer.
1. Which of the following is NOT an example of Piaget’s theory of moral development?
- Moral judgement interview
- Pre-moral stage
- Moral realism stage
- Moral relativism stage
a. Moral judgement interview
2. How old would a child be if they had reached the stage known as moral realism?
- 6-12 months
- 8-12 years
- 5-9 years
- 13 years and above
c. 5-9 years
3. Which stage would a child have reached, according to Kohlbergs theory of moral development, if he showed a tendency to do the right thing out of a desire to seek approval rather than a fear of parental power?
- Pre-conventional morality
- Social convention
- Conventional morality
- Post conventional morality
c. Conventional morality
4. Empathy is best defined as:
- Unselfish concern for the wellbeing of other people
- The ability to experience the same emotion as another person
- A strategy used to help gain control of behaviour
- Action designed to help others
b. The ability to experience the same emotion as another person
5. Which of the following is considered to be a ‘self-conscious’ moral emotion according to Eisenberg (2000)?
- Prosocial behaviour
6. In order to demonstrate distributive justice, what must children be able to do?
- Abide by their parental rules
- Show that they can divide goods fairly and evenly
- Show that they have a good sense of prosocial behaviour
- Demonstrate the qualities of moral understanding
b. Show that they can divide goods fairly and evenly
7. The concepts of ‘equality’ and ‘equity’ when considering the determination of distributive justice is best seen with which of the following age groups?
- 2–3 years
- 4-5 year olds
- 6-8 years
- 8 years and above
c. 6-8 years
8. Which of the following best describes ‘instrumental aggression?’
- Attacking a person who is in the way
- Spreading rumours
c. Attacking a person who is in the way
9. The Social Information Processing Model is defined as …
- The technique used to assess a child’s moral understanding
- The child possesses an information processing bias that leads them to see all intentions as aggressive in nature
- The situation whereby unwritten rules, norms or customs are generally agreed upon by society
- The individual and social acceptance of what constitutes appropriate or correct behaviour
b. The child possesses an information processing bias that leads them to see all intentions as aggressive in nature
10. According to the work undertaken by Lavalee et al. (2005) in relation to the Fast Track programme observing friendship groups for at risk children, the presence of a girl in the group is recommended for what reason?
- Testosterone in boys leads to a tendency to fight
- Girls appear to have a prosocial strengthening effect
- Girls display inflated self-esteem and a superiority over others
- Girls resolve conflict by verbal negotiation of a compromise
b. Girls appear to have a prosocial strengthening effect