Quizzes are available to test your understanding of the key concepts covered in each chapter. Click on the arrows next to each question to view the answer.
1. In terms of early development of emotions, at what age would you expect to see an infant displaying genuine signs of fear?
- 6 months
- 7 months
- 8 months
- 9 months
b. 7 months
2. Emotional display rules are best defined as which of the following statements?
- Using another’s emotional expression as a source of information from which to interpret events or situations too difficult to grasp
- Those which dictate appropriate emotions to express according to the situation or circumstance
- The ability to serve as a signalling system about our own and other peoples’ internal states
- Using the expressions of tone of voice to interpret meaning
b. Those which dictate appropriate emotions to express according to the situation or circumstance
3. Harter and Buddin (1987) recognize five stages in the development of multiple emotions. According to this work, at what age would you expect to see a child describing opposing feelings in response to different aspects of a single situation?
- 4–6 years
- 6–8 years
- 10 years
- 11 years
c. 10 years
4. Emotion regulation is best described as …
- The acquisition of emotion-specific knowledge
- The process by which an individuals arousal is maintained within their capacity to cope
- The ability to predict the conditions under which another may be surprised
- The ability to understand the conditions under which another may be surprised
b. The process by which an individuals arousal is maintained within their capacity to cope
5. Which of the following is NOT an example of the ‘theory of personal emotion’ as expressed by Thompson (1991)?
- A coherent network of beliefs about personal emotional processes
- The processes involved in shaping children’s behaviour
- To smile and make eye contact will help in the acceptance by peers
- To shy away from social interaction is a tendency that needs to be overcome if an adolescent is to be accepted by peers
b. The processes involved in shaping children’s behaviour
6. Who of the following theorists is considered to be one of the key contributors to attachment theory?
7. How are control-systems theories best described?
- Behaviours which serve a common function are grouped together for the purpose of achieving a particular goal
- Behaviour demonstrated by the infant who uses the adult as a source of refuge when distressed
- Use of the adult as a safe vantage point from which to explore the environment
- Staying close to the caregiver who will protect from danger
a. Behaviours which serve a common function are grouped together for the purpose of achieving a particular goal
8. ‘At what age would you expect a child to begin the final phase of attachment’– the goal-corrected partnership as suggested by Ainsworth et al (1978) and Schaffer (1996)?
- 1 year
- 2 years
- 3 years
- 4 years
b. 2 years
9. Which of the following behaviours are avoidantly classified children more likely to show?
- Externalising behaviour
- Acting out in class
- Internalizing behaviour
- Hostility towards peers
c. Internalizing behaviour
10. Based on Thomas and Chess (1986) typology of temperament, which of the following would be classified as an easy infant?
- Initially responding poorly to novel experiences but gradually accepting over a period of time with repetition
- Low on rhythmicity
- Crying often