Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter you will be able to:
11.1 Define reasonable force, unnecessary force, and brutality in relation to the continuum of force
11.2 Discuss the meaning and importance of threat assessment in situations where officers make decisions about the use of force
11.3 Identify the various types of force that can be used by the police, the circumstances in which they can be used, their frequency, and their effects
11.4 Explain the phenomenon of suicide by cop, how frequently it occurs, and the characteristics of such incidents
11.5 Identify the factors that lead to police use of force
11.6 Explain how police use of force may be controlled