- How does a civil case differ from a criminal case?
- What are the origins of the criminal justice system in the United States? What is the role of common law in the U.S. criminal justice system?
- Why do incarceration rates tend to vary by state? What groups have been affected disproportionately by the sharp rise in incarceration rates?
- What policies affect judicial discretion over sentencing guidelines?
- How do the community policing model and the professional policing model differ? Who were the primary actors in fueling a return to the community policing model? Which approach advocates broken-windows policing?
- What are some recent trends in crime policy in the United States? How have states attempted to reduce the costs of law enforcement?