SAGE Journal Articles


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Article 1: Russett, B. & Antholis, W. (November 1992). Do Democracies Fight Each Other? Evidence from the Peloponnesian War.  Journal of Peace Research 29(4). 415-434.

Questions to Consider:

  1. Explain what the “democratic peace” is, according to the authors, and say why they are using the Peloponnesian War as a case.
  2. How do they define their main terms: democracy, autonomy, and war?
  3. What conclusions do they reach?


Article 2: Gleditsch, N.P. & Hegre, H. (April 1997). Peace and Democracy: Three Levels of Analysis. Journal of Conflict Resolution 41(2). 283-310.

Questions to Consider:

  1. What hypothesis or hypotheses are the authors’ attempting to test? What methods do they use? What are their major conclusions?     
  2. What is the utility of separating the research question into levels of analysis? What is the utility of connecting the level of analysis?


Article 3: Kivimaki, T. (January 2001). The Long Peace of ASEAN. Journal of Peace Research 38(1). 5-25.

Questions to Consider:

  1. Outline the author’s conception of a constructivist theory of peace. How does it differ from the view of other perspectives?
  2. What method(s) does the author use to test his thesis? Describe them, and say what his findings are.
  3. What conclusions does he reach?

See also:

Article: Oneal et al. (February 1996) The Liberal Peace: Interdependence, Democracy, and International Conflict, 1950-1985. Journal of Peace Research 33(1). 11-28.

Article: Gates, S. et al. (February 1996). Democracy and Peace: A More Skeptical View. Journal of Peace Research 33(1). 1-10.