Learning Objectives

9.1 Identify the elements of language structure and explain how they contribute to language comprehension.
9.2 Identify the major milestones of language development and evaluate language learning in nonhuman animals.
9.3 Distinguish between different views of categorization and describe the hierarchical organization of categorical knowledge.
9.4 Distinguish between different problem-solving strategies and explain how these differ from insight.
9.5 Identify different decision-making biases and describe how heuristics can result in decision-making errors.
9.6 For each of the major sections of the chapter, summarize how language and thought contribute to human communication and decisions.