Learning Objectives

8.1 Explain how visual and auditory sensory memories can be measured and how and why information is represented, maintained, and forgotten over the short term.
8.2 Identify the three types of long-term memories and their roles in remembering, and describe some mnemonic techniques that can aid long-term memory.
8.3 Assess the role of retrieval cues in remembering and explain how schemas aid in reconstructing memories and solving the problems of long-term remembering.
8.4 Explain why forgetting is often adaptive and identify the mechanisms through which forgetting occurs.
8.5 For each of the major sections of the chapter, summarize how our memory systems solve critical problems of behavior and mind.