Learning Objectives

1.1 Discuss how psychology is defined, including the relationship between behavior and mind, and then differentiate among the following types of psychologist: clinical, applied, and research.
1.2 Trace the historical roots of psychology, including the importance of nature via nurture, and compare and contrast the major schools represented by structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, and humanism.
1.3 Outline why psychologists adopt a more eclectic approach to research and treatment, and explain how psychologists have benefited significantly from recent discoveries in biology, the study of culture, and the analysis and replicability of data.
1.4 Following the major sections of the chapter, summarize how psychology is defined, its history, and how it is currently practiced.