Learning Objectives

2.1 Identify the types of descriptive research techniques used in psychological research and explain how statistics are used to understand data.
2.2 Define the concept of correlation and explain why it cannot be used to determine the cause of behavior.
2.3 Compare independent and dependent variables in experiments and explain how experiments allow researchers to test causal factors of behavior.
2.4 Identify elements of ethical guidelines in psychological research.
2.5 For each of the major sections of the chapter, summarize how research methods solve the problem of how to understand behavior and the mind.