Learning Objectives

10.1 Explain that while all behavior is the result of genes interacting with environments, there is no gene “for” crime.

10.2 Identify the basis of heritability and what it tells us about the gene–environment correlation and interaction.

10.3 Describe how the brain “softwires” itself by experience.

10.4 Discuss the basic ideas behind an evolutionary view of criminality.

10.5 Describe multiple biological risk factors for criminology.

10.6 Evaluate the biosocial perspective.

10.7 Debate the policy implications of biosocial criminology.