Learning Objectives

After finishing this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Distinguish a nongovernmental organization from a government.
  • Articulate the Tocquevillian and Gramscian theories of civil society.
  • Describe civil society’s sources of power.
  • Identify a transnational advocacy network in the news.
  • Understand the historical origins of global civil society.
  • Challenge the supposed benefits of civil society using major critiques.