Upon completion of this chapter, the reader should be able to:
5.1 Identify the origins of jails and types of jails in operation.
5.2 Explain how jails process individuals.
5.3 Assess how jails affect and are affected by overcrowding, race, gender, age, and special needs of their inmates.
5.4 Describe the various approaches jails take to address medical problems of inmates.
5.5 Discuss how jails manage sexual violence, gangs, and suicides.
5.6 Explain the kinds of innovations happening in jails and how they are working out.