Upon completion of this chapter, the reader should be able to:
1.1 Describe the function of corrections and its philosophical underpinnings.
1.2 Differentiate between the classical and positivist schools in terms of their respective stances on the function of punishment.
1.3 Define and describe retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, selective incapacitation, rehabilitation, and reintegration.
1.4 Explain the distinction between the crime control and due process models.