Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this chapter, the reader should be able to:

4.1 Explain how modern sentencing engages Aristotle’s notion of justice.
4.2 Describe the different types of sentencing and their rationales.
4.3 Identify other sentencing options and how they are applied.
4.4 Explain the role of problem-solving courts.
4.5 Assess the issues surrounding sentencing disparity.
4.6 Identify the purpose of presentence reports and sentencing guidelines as well as the contentious issues surrounding them.
4.7 Explain the purpose and use of sentencing guidelines.
4.8 State factors that may affect the future implementation and use of sentencing guidelines.