Learning Objectives

As a result of reading this chapter, you will be able to

  • Define and provide examples of probable cause
  • Explain the rationale for, ramifications of, and exceptions to the exclusionary rule
  • Explain the rights of—and limitations on—the police with regard to searching a person’s home, immediate area, body, and vehicle
  • Distinguish between arrests and searches and seizures with and without a warrant
  • Review what is meant by “stop and frisk”
  • Explain generally to what extent the police may use electronic devices in order to obtain information from members of the public
  • Discuss some significant ways in which the Miranda decision has been eroded
  • Describe what rights are held by criminal defendants regarding the right to counsel, for both felony and misdemeanor arrests