Learning Objectives

As a result of reading this chapter, you will be able to

  • Describe the deprivations, effects, and process of prisonization caused by places of confinement
  • Explain the conditions of regular and solitary confinement, particularly as found in supermax prisons
  • Review the general duties of correctional staff members, particularly wardens and correctional officers
  • Describe the unique challenges posed for prison governance by sexual violence, drugs, gangs, and riots, as well as by female, mentally ill, and elderly inmates
  • Describe some important measures that can be taken to assist with inmates’ reentry and aftercare
  • Describe several major federal court decisions that greatly expanded prisoners’ rights