Answers to Test Yourself

Below are answers to the chapter Test Yourself feature.

(1) If we do not have conscious awareness of the conflict (if it is unconscious), then it would be difficult to support the existence of this conflict through direct observations of behavior. In other words, it is difficult to falsify this theory by directly observing behavior, (2) Observation, (3) validity, (4) a.) college students; score on a scale from 1-7 that rates moods; interval b.) rats; time it takes to navigate maze, as indicator of cognitive abilities; ratio c.) young children; number of social behaviors seen; ratio (5) c (6) d (7) a (8) b (9) b (10) b (11) a (12) a (13) a