Learning Objectives

9.1 Identify changes in physical and motor functioning during middle childhood.

9.2 Examine health behaviors and concerns during middle childhood, including physical activity, injury, and obesity.

9.3 Compare common developmental disabilities and discuss the relevance of contextual influences for disability.

9.4 Discuss school-age children’s capacities for reasoning and processing information.

9.5 Summarize views of intelligence including the uses, correlates, and criticisms of intelligence tests.

9.6 Discuss language development during middle childhood, including learning a second language.

9.7 Examine approaches to education, including reading and math as well as educating children with special needs.