Learning Objectives

3.1 Describe the three periods of prenatal development.

3.2 Explain how exposure to teratogens and other environmental factors can influence the prenatal environment.

3.3 Compare the influence of maternal and paternal characteristics on prenatal development.

3.4 Identify barriers to prenatal care and intersectional influences on access to prenatal care.

3.5 Summarize birth options and the process of childbirth.

3.6 Examine risks for low birthweight, characteristics of low-birthweight infants, and ways of supporting positive outcomes of low-birthweight infants.

3.7 Discuss the neonate’s physical capacities.