Learning Objectives

12.1 Summarize changes in self-concept, self-esteem, and identity during adolescence.

12.2 Describe the progression of and influences on the development of moral reasoning, civic engagement, and critical consciousness.

12.3 Discuss parent–child interactions and the parent–child relationship in adolescence.

12.4 Examine the developmental progression of peer relations in adolescence.

12.5 Analyze patterns of adolescent sexual activity including sexual orientation.

12.6 Identify common psychological and behavioral problems in adolescence.