Chapter Overviews

In Chapter Six, Validity: Processes, Strategies, and Considerations, we define, reframe, and complicate the concept and related processes of validity as more than a set of procedures, but rather, as considerably different -- epistemologically and ontologically -- from the quantitative paradigm from which the concept of validity has been adapted. The chapter approaches validity as both an active methodological process and a research goal. We begin with a discussion of ways to consider and assess validity and describe key validity criteria. The chapter defines and explores specific validity strategies including triangulation, participant validation, the strategic sequencing of methods, thick description, dialogic engagement, multiple coding, structured reflexivity processes, and mixed methods research. We also include reflexive validity questions and an example of a validity-focused research design memo.