Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, students will be able to:

  • Distinguish jails from prisons
  • Describe how inmates experience incarceration
  • Explain how inmates are released from prison
  • Identify how probation and parole are structured in the United States
  • Describe five challenges that probation and parole officers confront on their jobs
  • Explain the various roles of juvenile probation officers
  • Evaluate the usefulness of various types of sanctions