Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, students will be able to:

  • Compare and contrast the goals of punishment
  • Identify three historical eras leading to the current strategies for punishing offenders
  • Describe four types of prisons
  • Explain how incarceration rates have changed over the past decade
  • Delineate the differences between federal, state, and local corrections
  • Compare and contrast juvenile facilities with adult institutions
  • Describe the role of wardens in prisons
  • Identify the behaviors of corrections officers