Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, students will be able to:

  • Describe the judicial process in the United States
  • Explain the pretrial process that occurs prior to the actual trial
  • Describe bail and different methods of granting bail
  • Outline the key stages in a trial
  • Explain how juries are chosen and the jury’s role in a trial
  • Describe the factors considered in sentencing
  • Outline the purpose and process of appeals
  • Compare and contrast the process for juvenile courts and adult courts
  • Identify the rights of defendants throughout the judicial process
  • Identify six Supreme Court cases that have shaped the modern criminal justice process