Learning Objectives

11.1 What characteristics distinguish the Jewish American, Arab American, and Muslim American populations in the United States?

11.2 What are anti-Semitism, Orientalism, and Islamophobia?

11.3 Why do we use racism as a framework for explaining the prejudice and discrimination experienced by Jews, Arabs, and Muslims?

11.4 What are the similarities and differences among Jewish, Arab, and Muslim Americans’ struggles for racial justice?