Learning Objectives

8.1 Describe the development of the federal bureaucracy over time.

8.2 Relate when the federal government grows most quickly, and why.

8.3 Explain the bureaucracy’s culture and the challenges it faces.

8.4 Identify the tools that Congress and the president use to control bureaucracies.

8.5 Discuss why red tape is often an important check on the operation of massive bureaucracies.